Remember that your students also need to learn strategies for dealing with misunderstandings, since native pronunciation is for most an unrealistic goal. You can ask them for suggestions, but you will also need to observe them over time and make note of problem sounds. They should feel vibration with the voiced sounds only.
Have your students touch their throats while pronouncing voiced and voiceless sounds. Although these are not always aspirated, at the beginning of a word they usually are. You can find representative practice words for every English sound on the English is Soup site.
Another challenge resulting from differences in the first language is the inability to hear certain English sounds that the native language does not contain. Aspiration Aspiration refers to a puff of air when a sound is produced. Illustrate syllable stress by clapping softly and loudly corresponding to the syllables of a word.
Here are some resources for teaching pronunciation. Syllables Have students count syllables in a word and hold up the correct number of fingers, or place objects on table to represent each syllable. Here are some ideas for focusing on specific pronunciation features.
Intonation Word or sentence intonation can be mimicked with a kazoo, or alternatively by humming. Vowel Length You can demonstrate varying vowel lengths within a word by stretching rubber bands on the longer vowels and letting them contract on shorter ones.
Voicing Voiced sounds will make the throat vibrate. Linking We pronounce phrases and even whole sentences as one smooth sound instead of a series of separate words.
To illustrate aspiration, have your students hold up a piece of facial tissue a few inches away from their mouths and push it with a puff of air while pronouncing a word containing the target sound.
Word stress, sentence stress, intonation, and word linking all influence the sound of spoken English, not to mention the way we often slur words and phrases together in casual speech.
Mouth Position Draw simple diagrams of tongue and lip positions.
Make sure all students can clearly see your mouth while you model sounds. Descriptions of the sound and mouth position can help students increase their awareness of subtle sound differences. Many languages have far fewer aspirated sounds than English, and students may have trouble hearing the aspiration.
Then let the students try it. Have students use a mirror to see their mouth, lips, and tongue while they imitate you. Effective communication is of greatest importance, so choose first to work on problems that significantly hinder communication and let the rest go.California English Language Development Test Prepared by: CONCORD CIRCLE, SUITE A all fou r of the bulleted characteri stics (content, vocabulary, grammar, an d pronunciation) listed for a point level (1, 2, 3, or 4) ar e pres ent.
Scoring Rationale for Grades K–1 Writing—Write the Word (Picture Prompt). Most of the elementary Writing Short Composition like activities to expand any section of this CELDT preparation packet. 3 LAUSD Local District 1 CELDT Preparation Activities Listening: Following Directions Sept.
4 ‘Errors in grammar, vocabulary, and/or pronunciation are significant enough to interfere with communication. Converse with general clarity using pronunciation/stress/ intonation patterns which allow for overall intelligibility. Demonstrate effective word choice, vocabulary, idioms, grammar and sentence structure allowing accurate communication of meaning in written work.
INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE 2 ESL CURRICULUM GUIDE Course Content ESL is a four-skills course designed to encourage students to become independent users of English.
It maintains a balance between accuracy and fluency.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to. Dear Alan, Though the 'communicative' method is pre-dominant where I work, I do include a lot of simple creative writing exercises - diamond poems, shape poems, rhymes, English words (lyrics) to be set to a given popular tune etc.
and these activities are well received by the adult learners who I work with. Pronunciation Guide for English In the English writing system, many of the graphemes (letters and letter groups) have more See motorcarsintinc.com to learn more about the rationale of the Phonics International programme and the importance of the Alphabetic Code Charts.Download